State Street Institutional
Investor Indicators
Investment insights based on facts, not surveys

The State Street Institutional Investor Indicators provide investors, policymakers, and the public with insights into the aggregated and anonymized positioning, risk appetite, and portfolio carbon exposures of thousands of institutional investors around the world, representing trillions of dollars in assets.

State Street Institutional Investor
Risk Appetite Indicator

The Risk Appetite Indicator quantifies the degree to which the trading patterns of institutional investors are risk seeking or averse, on a scale of -100% (most risk averse) to 100% (most risk seeking).

Key Facts
  • The Institutional Investor Risk Appetite Indicator measures the buying and selling of risky assets across 22 dimensions of risk
  • These range across asset classes: equities, fixed-income, cash, and foreign exchange
  • Key dimensions include stock versus cash allocations, cyclical versus defensive equities, high-yield versus investment-grade corporate bonds, and US Dollar currency flows
  • Released monthly
Our latest report


  • Cash holdings have now risen more than 6% since their low in March 2022, including a near 1% rise in October. Although cash holdings are now unusually high, they remain significantly below prior crises peaks.
  • Equity holdings in particular still look vulnerable to a further leakage to cash as they remain above their historical average even if they are at 29-month low.


  • The State Street Risk Appetite index fell to -0.55 from -0.18, showing that, on balance, long-term investors further reduced risk across asset classes in October. This matches the low in risk appetite seen so far this year.
  • As markets rally at the beginning of November, we worry that markets risk making a similar mistake to earlier in the year by becoming overly hopeful on the prospects for interest rate cuts against what is still a difficult macro and geopolitical backdrop.
Risk Appetite